Investigation of bio-based polyamide with short fibers for lightweight structures
In the automotive industry, petrochemical plastics are widespread because glass and carbon fiber-reinforced composites consist exclusively of petroleum-based matrix materials. So far, bio-based plastics couldn’t meet the requirement profile due to their high prices, their inappropriate features and the ineligible quality assurance of their synthesis. But the development of new bio-based polyamides opens the opportunity to replace petroleum-based plastics and may initiate the use of bio-based plastic matrices for fiber-reinforced composites for automotive applications.
In this study, short fiber-reinforced polyamide 10.10 composites were investigated. Short carbon and glass fibers were used in varying compositions along with different modifiers to optimize the resulting characteristics. Fiber breakage during twin screw extrusion processing was researched and affected by the use of lubricants. The effect of using lubricants was noticed after extrusion. The addition of lubricants caused negative effects on mechanical properties at concentrations higher than 0.5 % wt. Further influences on fiber matrix interactions were investigated by varying the parameters of injection molding and positive effects on tensile properties were recognized. Strengthening effects on resulting composites are discussed in terms of lightweight structure and cost-efficiency.
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